The Soul of the Soil

20/08/2018

According to Eastern philosophy, The Sky – The Earth – Men are the three most important things in the universe. Together, they form a close-knit circle. Every changes, every birth and death are happened within this circle.

Coffee is a treasure of the universe, a heritage of mankind and a solution for the future

(Chairman Vu – Founder of Trung Nguyen Legend Group)

In the old days, “The high mountain and thick forest” named Buon Ma Thuot was considered Ede’s sanctuary. People of this red soil land worshiped the dirt they walked on. The language they used was mainly Rhadé. “Buon” meant village, “Ma” meant father, and “Thuot” was the name of the chief’s son, who led his people fought against Khmer and Ai Lao (Laotian) armies when they invaded their land. Because the soil was so important to them, they named every place on their land after it, such as Cu M’Gar (a reverse mountain), river k’rong Ana, krong k’No, and a reverse river Serepok, which were, and still are, water supplies for coffee plants.

According to Eastern philosophy, The Sky – The Earth – Men are the three most important things in the universe. Together, they form a close-knit circle. Every changes, every birth, every death happens within this circle.

Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life. Earth’s body of soil is the pedosphere, which has four important functions: it is a medium for plant growth; it is a means of water storage, supply and purification; it is a modifier of Earth’s atmosphere; it is a habitat for organisms; all of which, in turn, modify the soil. The pedosphere interfaces with the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, and the biosphere. The term pedolith, used commonly to refer to the soil, translates to ground stone. Soil consists of a solid phase of minerals and organic matter (the soil matrix), as well as a porous phase that holds gases (the soil atmosphere) and water (the soil solution). Accordingly, soils are often treated as a three-state system of solids, liquids, and gases.

Soil is a product of the influence of climate, relief (elevation, orientation, and slope of terrain), organisms, and its parent materials (original minerals) interacting over time. It continually undergoes development by way of numerous physical, chemical and biological processes, which include weathering with associated erosion. Given its complexity and strong internal connectedness, it is considered an ecosystem by soil ecologists.

As mankind developed and migrated into wasteland, we’ve changed the soil physically, chemically and biologically, for farming, especially crucial industrial crops such as coffee. The best soil for growing coffee is the flat-terrain red soil of highlands. They originated from lava which was molten rock generated by geothermal energy and expelled through fractures in planetary crust or in an eruption, usually at temperatures from 700 to 1,200 °C (1,292 to 2,192 °F). After hundreds of millions of years, lava absorbed phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium, calcium, zinc and boron to transform into a fertile soil which provides the coffee plants in Central Highlands of Vietnam a special vitality.

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